Written by Achiever Foods Nutrition Unit
Today, we want share how to prevent piles (also known as “koko” in Ghana) with our cherished readers. Have you ever experienced piles condition before? This condition has brought discomfort to many people. Piles are also called haemorrhoids, a condition that can affect all manner of people. It is very common and can be life threatening if not managed properly. The best way to handle it is to prevent them from occurring. The anxiety, discomfort and pain it comes with can affect an individual’s activities of daily living.
Piles or haemorrhoids are lumps or inflamed veins inside the rectum and around a person’s buttock (anus). They usually get better and resolve on their own after a few days in most instances but come with some discomfort, an itchy anus and bleeding per anus as well. The risk of developing haemorrhoids increases as an individual ages and also among pregnant women but not everyone experiences it. Constipation, straining when passing stools, in some cases pregnancy, and lifting heavy weights, having anal sex, eating low fibre-diets are some of things that lead to the occurrence of haemorrhoids in individuals.
SYMPTOMS OF HEAMORRHOIDS (PILES)
The following are some symptoms experienced when an individual has piles.
• Bright red blood in stools and after passing stools
• An inflamed rectum and or anus
• An itchy anus
• Pain around the anus and rectum area
• Urge to pass stools after just passing stools
• Mucoid discharges from the anus of the individual.
PREVENTION OF HAEMORRHOIDS
In preventing the occurrence of haemorrhoids, here are some things that can be put to practice:
• Physical Exercise: exercising regularly improved the circulation of blood and helps to strengthen muscle tone and improve bowel movements.
• Personal Hygiene: keeping your anal area clean and dry could also help reduce itchiness experienced in the buttocks.
• Also, a warm bath can help to ease itching and the pain experienced.
• Hydration: drinking enough water and fluids like Daliha Juices and Teas and eating foods rich in fibre help to soften stools and prevention constipation which may trigger straining when passing stools.
• Eating too much dried foods are not advisable as it can affect bowel movements.
• Practice the habit of using with damp or soft toilet paper to wipe the anal area. These prevents cuts that may occur while using hard toilet paper in order to prevent inflammation from setting in. Also, do not wipe your anal area hard after passing stools, be gentle.
• Reducing intake or avoiding alcohol or caffeine foods also helps to prevent constipation and reduce straining during bowel movements.
• Medications: Appropriate pain medications can also help reduce the pain experienced during piles. Note that, Pain medications containing codeine can result in constipation and avoid Ibuprofen when bleeding as it would enhance the bleeding. Consult your doctor for the right prescription. Do not just take any herbal preparations but recommended ones from a health professional.
• Ignoring the urge to pass stools: Not passing stools can be very discomforting. Hence, once there is an urge to pass stools, do not ignore it as it can lead to constipation and once a person finishes passing stools, do not spend more time on the toilet.
NOTE that pile is a recurring condition hence, it’s going the first time does not mean it may not recur but treatment options are available. Consult your doctor for more details on best options. Below are some treatment options that can be done for an individual with piles. These treatment options required that the individual would be awake. Local anesthesia is given when necessary and admission may not be required but the individual may be detained for some hours for observations.
• Rubber band ligation: It involves putting a band around the piles to make them drop off or to cut them off.
• Sclerotherapy: It basically involves injecting a liquid into the piles to make them shrink or die off.
• Electrotherapy: This treatment involves using a gentle electric current on the piles to make them shrink. It is completely safe.
• Infrared Coagulation: In this treatment, an infrared light is used to cut the blood supply to your piles to make them shrink or die off.
In cases where surgery is required, the individual is informed and then allowed to consent before preparing for surgery. A surgical procedure called haemorrhoidecromy, or Stapled haemorrhoidopexy, or haemorrhoidal artery ligation may be done, depending on examination and investigation findings. Surgery may require an admission of the patient.
COMPLICATIONS OF HAEMORRHOIDS
• Strangulated Haemorrhoids
• Perianal thrombosis
• Incarcerated prolapsed internal haemorrhoids. Living a healthy life mostly boils down to what goes into our body system and how well we pay attention to it as well as what we use our bodies for. There’s only one life so live it well by paying a little more attention to keeping your body, mind and soul healthy.
Prevention is always a better option to every trouble in life. Pile conditions brings too much of discomfort if not attended to early. Eating right will save you a lot of medical troubles including pile. Remember to put your health first ahead of life delicacies.
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